National Human Development Report

What is the project about?

Orang Asli woman and children, SarawakDifferent pockets of poverty especially among the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia and Bumiputera minorities in Sabah and Sarawak requires specific policy redresses.

Malaysia’s National Human Development Report (NHDR) focuses on national policy formulation and consensus building among national stakeholders on inclusive growth with clear linkages to priorities outlined in the 10th Malaysia Plan (10MP) and the New Economic Model (NEM).

Working in partnership with the Government of Malaysia’s Economic Planning Unit (EPU), this project will produce a report captures key findings, consensus-based targets and implementable policy recommendations that are accessible to stakeholders and the wider public. Activities include active stakeholder consultations that aim to bring clarity to the concepts revolving around inclusive growth and employ a participatory research methodology in its analysis. A series of more technical background papers will be commissioned to provide in-depth analytical work on selected areas.

What do we hope to accomplish?

RR Michelle Gyles-McDonnough delivering opening speechMichelle Gyles-McDonnough, UNDP Resident Representative for Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam, delivering her opening speech during the NHDR Public Seminar. Photo: UNDP Malaysia

Upon the final development of the NHDR, the Economic Planning Unit in the Prime Minister’s Department (EPU) will be submitting the NHDR to the National Development Planning Committee (NDPC) for Malaysia’s medium-term planning purposes.

The NHDR will also be used by EPU as inputs to the 11th Malaysia Plan formulation and policy dialogues. By serving as inputs to the 11th Malaysia Plan, which is the country’s main document for its medium-term development planning from 2016-2020, the NHDR will potentially strengthen the considerations of the government in its policy design, budgetary allocations, enhancing public service delivery mechanisms and monitoring and evaluation frameworks in the country. 

Who finances it?



Year Donor Amount
2012 UNDP (TRAC) USD 170,300
2013 UNDP (TRAC) USD 179,700
2014 UNDP (TRAC) USD 153,365.54

Delivery in previous fiscal years

Year Donor Amount
2012 UNDP (TRAC) USD 28,000
2013 UNDP (TRAC) USD 184,000

Total Project Expenditure

  USD Amount
Total Project Budget $350,000.00
Total Project Expenditures ($272,436.11)
Balance $77,563.89

Errata: Malaysia Human Development Report 2013 (3 November 2016)

Table 10.2: Population of Orang Asli, 1993-2010 (pg. 218)

The table shows that the total population for Orang Asli is 308,015 in 2010. The explanatory footnote states that the Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Report 2010 does not segregate Orang Asli from the umbrella concept of “Other Bumiputera” in Peninsular Malaysia but it technically refers to Orang Asli.

There is an over-counting error in the report due to the inclusion of Sabah-Sarawak non-Malay Bumiputera in Peninsular Malaysia. The report relies on the categories in the Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Report 2010 which does not disaggregate the “Other Bumiputera” category and hence does not specify Orang Asli as a category.

The correct total population for Orang Asli as of 2012 based on the e-Damak database is 177,964.