Strengthening The Global Fight Against Corruption
Corruption takes a disproportionate toll on the poor, by undermining the delivery of public services, such as health, education, and infrastructure; and it also creates macroeconomic uncertainty and worsens the investment climate. Studies show that moving up from the lowest end of the corruption scale distribution to the middle could result in an average increase in investment of as much as 8% of GDP. Similarly, per capita income growth may rise by over 1 per cent.
- The capacity building programme and modules moved away from generic lecture based training and included in-depth hands-on training by international UN and INTERPOL field specialists; focused inter-regional group dialogue approach; hands on exposure to development of draft national and institutional strategies; comparative discussions based on global best practices/ benchmarks in relation to their own Standard Operating Procedures and investigation processes and guidelines; as well as role-play sessions of redacted case files from court cases.
- To broaden the exposure of OIC member states, the ACAs from Hong Kong and India were also invited as resource person in addition to INTERPOL, UNODC and UNDP and International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA).
- The workshops training were also recorded on video for potential development into Computer Based Training (CBT) by UNDP and MACA in the future.
- Four of the best performing OIC member states in the Corruption Perception Index were also invited to participate in this initiative to share their practical experiences, strategies, procedures, guidelines, laws and policies and challenges and remaining operational gaps.
- ACAs from 18 countries and over 90 participants encompassing Chief Commissioners, Senior Directors and Senior Management. Feedback questionnaires demonstrated over 90% satisfaction of new knowledge learned and practicality of skills to day to day work/ strategies.
With the aim of contributing towards global efforts to eradicate corruption, UNDP Malaysia initiated and collaborated with the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) and Malaysian Anti-Corruption Academy (MACA) in designing and implementing a pilot South-South Cooperation initiative to strengthen the institutional capacities of MACC and Anti-Corruption Agencies (ACAs) from the member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).
This initiative sought to establish and promote inter and intra-regional partnerships and technical exchanges by engaging with a range of global, regional and national partners; leveraging and advocating upon strategic geo-political platforms; optimally utilizing multiple communications channels; and emphasizing innovative and practical training and capacity building of delivering training modules. The project is the first ever joint initiative by the UNDP Malaysia with both MACC and MACA.
Based on completed Training Needs Analysis (TNA) fielded in 3 languages (English, Arabic and French) among ACA’s based in OIC member states, the project focused on strengthening institutional capacities by enhancing practical understanding and application of the UN Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC). Emphasis was placed on deepening the understanding of policymakers on the causes and effects of corruption in national development projects and its negative consequences on human development and attainment of MDGs and how it has disproportionate toll on the poor, by undermining the delivery of public services in OIC member states.
In light and in responding to the demands of the member states, the project also organized a High-Level Round-table Dialogue on Anti-Corruption: Strategic Collaborations and Partnerships in the Asia and Arab Region in December 2011 involving 16 Chief Commissioners and Senior Representatives of OIC member states and 2 Malaysian Ministers from the Prime Minister’s Department. Sessions were held on the areas of support which revolved around asset recovery, technical cooperation and mutual legal assistance.
The training modules have now been utilized directly by a number of participating ACAs from the OIC member states in training their own institutional workforce and 3 other member states have continued the training with MACA in related dimensions of capacity challenges that they face. Beginning September 2013, MACA has also begun using the training modules to train MACC officers.