Economic growth will not reduce poverty, improve equality and produce jobs unless it is inclusive. Inclusive growth is also essential for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The globalization process, when properly managed, becomes an important ingredient for inclusive growth. In this context, UNDP works to make real improvements in people’s lives, opening up their choices and opportunities.
The challenge of growing inequality is an agenda that requires redress as the progress in poverty reduction has been uneven across the country. Although Malaysia has come close to ending extreme poverty, there are pockets of hard-core rural poverty remaining, especially among the indigenous communities of Sabah and Sarawak. Income inequalities have been rising; the Gini rose from 0.446 in 1990 to 0.462 in 2004. There are growing spatial disparities in income and other human development indicators, as well as between, and within, Malaysia’s main communities.more
Over the past five decades, Malaysia has achieved significant results in its implementation of the growth-with-distribution strategy, reducing the incidence of poverty in Malaysian households dramatically from almost 50% of the population in 1970 to 1.7% in 2012. | Photo: UNDP Malaysiamore
Projects and Initiatives
The NHDR process has created a common platform for multi-stakeholder consultations by bringing together diverse (and sometimes conflicting and competing groups) and reducing silos when deliberating on some of these common human development issues that require collective action. more
Although the incidence of poverty is low in Malaysia, pockets of poverty continue to exist with high incidences of poverty among specific ethnic groups and localities. A more target-specific approach is required to address this situation and to achieve this, policies would need to be evidence based.more