Situational Analysis and Strategy
The first wave of the COVID-19 virus infection in Malaysia was reported on 25 January 2020, when Malaysia announced its first positive case. The first wave ended on 26 February after a period of 11 days where no new cases were reported.
In March, Malaysia saw a spike in cases when a large cluster of infected patients in Kuala Lumpur emerged. After the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a global pandemic on 11 March, COVID-19 cases were reported in every state of Malaysia.
As a measure to curb the spread of the virus, Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin announced the Movement Control Order (MCO) on 16 March, a nationwide preventive measure that prohibits movement and mass assembly. The MCO took effect on 18 March and lasted for 14 days. As the pandemic spread at speed, the MCO was then extended twice till 12 May.
During the MCO period, non-essential businesses were to stop operations while the public were ordered to stay at home. However, during the 3rd phase of MCO a Conditional MCO (CMCO) was announce by the Prime Minister, which took effect on 4 May, to enable almost all sectors of the economy to re-open. The CMCO is scheduled to end on 9 June.
To offset the economic impact on businesses and low-income individuals, the Malaysian government announced several economic stimulus packages with the first stimulus package valued at USD 4.5 billion (MYR 20 billion), followed by the second stimulus package at USD57 billion (MYR 250 billion) that catered to the B40 and M40 income groups and the third package valued at USD 2.37 billion that targeted the SME sector.
UNDP is working with the Government of Malaysia to provide an urgent but holistic response to the socio-economic impact of COVID-19, to build back better, with more resilient systems and services. Working in partnership with the UN Country team, civil societies, the private sector, and academic groups in supporting national and local government efforts.
Areas of interventions